Overview In ancient Egypt during the magnificent eighteenth dynasty the Pharaoh Akhenaten and his queen, the strong and beautiful Nefertiti, are engaged in a dramatic battle against the wealthy, corrupt and dangerously powerful priests of Amun.
Product Details About the Author. She earned degrees in English and Philosophy and an M.
Moyra died in , a few days before her 88th birthday. Moyra Caldecott earned a reputation as a novelist who wrote as vividly about the adventures and experiences to be encountered in the inner realms of the human consciousness as she did about those in the outer physical world. To Moyra, reality is multi-dimensional.
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ALL Fiction The Second Empress. It seems that whatever happened at his death, and in spite of all the efforts to wipe his name from history, Akhenaten is very much an active force in the world today. Something was scrawled under it in hieroglyphs, but the end sign was broken off and so the inscription, whatever it was, was incomplete. She had not converted him or even lessened his scepticism and distaste, but he was prepared to humour her. Would you like us to take another look at this review?
There was a planet once called Earth. Its people, scattered like seeds before the wind, Its people, scattered like seeds before the wind, came to rest on Agaron View Product. Crystal Legends. Moyra Caldecott approaches crystals from a new angle, retelling stories drawn from world mythology which Moyra Caldecott approaches crystals from a new angle, retelling stories drawn from world mythology which show the significance of crystals and precious stones as symbolic icons in a variety of traditions.
In addition, she gives in-depth commentaries on their esoteric Etheldreda, Princess of East Anglia, Queen of Northumbria and Abbess of Ely, was a remarkable woman who lived in restless, violent times not unlike our own, when old beliefs were dying and new ones were struggling to emerge. Pagan clashed Foo Fighters: Book three of the Falcon File. It is and Germany is losing the war. The Russians, the Americans, and the In this startling end-of-the-war tale two high-ranking Nazi officials, Martin Bormann and Hermann Goering, are collaborating with Multi-Dimensional Life: A writer on the inspiration of.
In more than thirty published books the novelist Moyra Caldecott has transported her readers through In more than thirty published books the novelist Moyra Caldecott has transported her readers through ancient history and into other worlds. Her writing is a manifestation of her lifelong quest for meaning and wisdom. Now, for the first time, she If successful, the project could fill state coffers, achieve a scientific coup and reclaim dented national pride. Gad tries to hide his nerves.
He knows that the others doubt his ability, and for good reason: he has little practice working with mummies. Back in his Cairo lab, he has always been supervised by a foreign tutor. But his very first day pulling DNA without his teacher will be watched by the world, and his subject is the incalculably precious mummy of Tutankhamun. Watching him from the burial chamber wall is Anubis, the jackal-headed guardian of the dead. Pushing boundaries can be a dangerous business, as Gad is about to find out.
Hidden beneath flood debris for three millennia, its sumptuous contents were intact: jewellery, vases, thrones, even chariots. It was the most spectacular archaeological discovery of all time. Many viewed the Egyptians as the founders of civilization, the ones holding the key to the beginnings of the entire human enterprise. Tutankhamun reigned around BC, during the fall of the rich and powerful 18th Dynasty. Britain, the latest in a long line of occupiers, had just granted the country limited independence under the dictatorial King Fuad.
The conflict ended only after a bitter legal battle that saw Carter excluded from the tomb for almost a year. Once Carter returned, his team finally began studying the mummy. Was he young? How did he die? Some scholars even wondered whether Tutankhamun could be the pharaoh of Exodus, who chased Moses and the Israelites to the Red Sea. The embalmers had poured huge quantities of oils and resins over the pharaoh at the time of his burial.
Those chemicals, combined with thousands of years in a damp coffin, had left the flesh and bandages horribly charred. They determined that he had died young, around the age of The shape of his skull also suggested that he was closely related to an anonymous pharaoh found buried nearby, in a controversial tomb called KV But that was as much as they could glean. Eighty million years ago, however, it was a vast inland sea.
The prehistoric animals that roamed its shores became immortalized in coal deposits until they caught the attention of Scott Woodward, a microbiologist from nearby Brigham Young University.
They had rescued a few fragments of DNA from bones that almost certainly belonged to a dinosaur. Woodward, a rising star with a boyish face and a high-school smile, had used a revolutionary new technique called polymerase chain reaction, or PCR, to read the fossilized genes.
The reaction works like a DNA photocopier, latching on to a target sequence of genetic material and then multiplying it thousands or millions of times: enough for study, not just speculation. DNA degrades over time, but now scientists were finding traces of it in everything from prehistoric plants to insects preserved in amber. His lab had been one of the first in Egypt to offer DNA fingerprinting, which hones in on specific regions of the genome that are known to vary between individuals, and is often used in forensics.
If a trace of blood or semen was found at a crime scene, scientists could use PCR to amplify the DNA, and then use fingerprinting to identify a suspect. The pharaohs, their cells presumably bursting with secrets about human origins, were held just down the road in the world-famous Egyptian Museum. But ancient DNA is a difficult field to get into.
Samples are easily contaminated with modern material, so the work would require a specialized lab dedicated to the study of ancient specimens. Gad and his colleagues faced a conundrum. Woodward, meanwhile, was already at work in Egypt. Two years later, he moved on to six intriguing mummies at the Egyptian Museum. X-ray images revealed that their necks were broken: most likely they had all been hanged. Using DNA from the bones, Woodward discovered that they represented three generations of the same doomed family. Having proven his abilities, Woodward moved from these anonymous mummies to the pharaohs.
Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Moyra Caldecott was born in Pretoria, South Africa in A group of people are drawn inexorably together, and impelled by forces unknown to travel to Egypt to investigate what happened to the pharaoh Akhenaten.
As staff moved the mummies into new, climate-controlled cases, the Brigham Young researchers got their chance to collect some loose pieces of tissue that had fallen off. But before Woodward could take a sample from Tutankhamun himself, his project came to an abrupt end. Egyptologists widely believe, however, that the project was terminated due to concerns that an ulterior motive was at play. As well as being a pioneering biologist, Woodward was also a high-ranking member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, better known as the Mormons. Mormons believe that a forgotten tribe of Jews, descendants of the biblical Joseph, who lived in Egypt and was close to the royal family, sailed from Jerusalem to the New World in BC, and became the ancestors of the Native Americans.
This belief is in stark contrast to available DNA evidence, which suggests that the Native Americans ancestors came from Asia around 15, years ago. This has led the Mormon Church to invest vast sums in genealogical research, as believers scour the world for ancestors they can posthumously convert. Many of the largest genealogical websites are linked to, or owned by, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, including Ancestry.
Rolls of around a billion names that have been traced by Mormon researchers are held in the Granite Mountain Records Vault, a climate-controlled archive buried in the side of a canyon around 15 miles from Salt Lake City.
Genetic testing is a way to accelerate this process, allowing church members to establish ancestral links without the drawn-out process of researching family trees. But while the church encourages its members to baptize only direct ancestors, some of the faithful have gone much further. Jewish groups, for example, became enraged in when it emerged that some Mormons were vicariously baptizing victims of the Holocaust, including Anne Frank.
Other prominent names baptized by proxy include Daniel Pearl, the Jewish reporter executed by al Qaeda in Pakistan in , and even Adolf Hitler. Was he looking for ancestors there, too? Could he have been planning to convert the pharaohs? Woodward now heads an organization called the Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation, which combines family trees with DNA profiling and studies the genetic origins of Native Americans. He did not respond to my requests for an interview and has never commented publicly on why his work was cut short. But given Mormon beliefs, it is no surprise that critics like Ahmed Saleh, an Egyptian who works for the antiquities service, wanted the pharaohs left alone.
As Saleh complained to Egypt Today in they are trying to say that our Egyptian history belongs to them. The press reported that the idea of anyone testing the mummies, even a team with impeccable credentials, had provoked anger within Egypt.
One of those opposed to the project was Zahi Hawass, who was then in charge of the great pyramids at Giza. Such a response is perhaps understandable after decades of interference by foreigners, but that does not necessarily make it a security threat. Specifically, if the results showed that Tutankhamun shared DNA with Jewish groups, there was concern that this could be used by Israel to argue that Egypt was part of the Promised Land.
This might seem an outlandish notion, but given the context of the Middle Eastern history, it is understandable. The antipathy runs deep.
For many Egyptians, the idea that their most famous kings could share some common heritage with their enemies is a hard one to cope with. After all, the royal family might well have shared genes with others who originated in the same part of the world. From there, the ambitious Egyptologist rose to take charge of the Giza plateau, home to the pyramids.
More controversially, he also starred in a series of television documentaries, including live specials for Fox in which he pried open coffins for the cameras and sent a robot into the Great Pyramid to drill through a mysterious stone door. His enthusiasm for mummies and tombs eliminated the snobbery from a potentially esoteric subject, and he forged his image carefully, always smiling, always wearing his Indiana Jones hat. His exploits upset many of his colleagues in the archaeological community, who accused him of dumbing down the subject and chasing audiences at the expense of careful science.
Crucially, though, he had the support of President Mubarak, and his energy and conviction enthralled viewers around the world. For the millions who watched, it was the first time that they had learned about ancient Egypt from an Egyptian. He clamped down on bribery and corruption and broadened his site-management plans and conservation efforts. The TV work continued: he partnered with American media companies to front dramatic documentaries with names like Secrets of the Pyramids and Quest for the Lost Pharaoh.
He became an archaeological superstar.
For Gad, who was eager to study the royal mummies but had seen the bad press generated by previous attempts, the appointment of Hawass felt like a blow. Hawass had always been virulently opposed to DNA testing on mummies. With him in charge, the prospect of researching the pharaohs seemed further away than ever. In fact, Hawass was beginning to understand that scientific studies on the mummies had a great potential value: not just intellectual, but financial.
The documentaries had confirmed the huge hunger for information on ancient Egypt among international TV audiences. American broadcasters were willing to pay millions of dollars for dramatic new stories, while their programs also boosted tourist income. Scientific studies, Hawass realized, were the next frontier.