Dishes found across Norway, Sweden, Iceland, Denmark, and Finland are made with a variety of ingredients sourced from the land and sea. For instance, the Vikings' meals almost always included oysters or mussels and occasionally featured mutton, cheese, cabbage, apples, onions, berries, and nuts—all of which can be found in many local dishes today. Since the time of the Vikings, Nordic people have lived off the land, sea, and lakes, and traditions from different cultures still influence cuisine today.
In most of Scandinavia, a large portion of food does come from the sea—such as Norwegian whale steak—so you'll typically find fish as the least expensive entree on menus across the region. It's quite common in Scandinavia to prepare meals with more salt than in most other parts of the world. In order to keep fish and meat fresh during long, dark Scandinavian winters, locals have practiced smoking and salting their food for hundreds of years.
Scandinavian cuisine includes the Swedish, Finnish, Norwegian, and Danish food traditions. Since these countries are grouped together geographically, many of the country's culinary cultures are quite similar. Still, there are some unique dishes you'll only find in certain parts of the region. Wherever you go on your trip to Scandinavia this year, be sure to ask around when you arrive for what dishes you simply can't miss.
The food cultures of Scandinavian countries are similar in important ways but also have many different traditions because of variations in geography and climate. "The Greenwood Press series, Food Culture around the World, is designed to bring the academic study of food to 'a wider audience of students, general readers.
Strawberry and cream cake is highly regarded. Strawberries are also often eaten on their own with sugar and milk or cream. In the late summer and autumn, apple cakes and pies are baked. The apple cake is often served with vanilla custard, but sometimes with ice cream or whipped cream. During the winter holidays , traditional candy and pastries include:. Sweden is second placed among the heaviest coffee drinking countries in the world.
Milk is bought in milk cartons, and it is no coincidence that Tetra Pak , the world's largest maker of milk cartons, was founded in Sweden. Milk is considered the standard drink to have with meals during weekdays in many families, for both children and adults. Fruit soups , especially rose hip soup and bilberry soup, are eaten or drunk, usually hot during the winter.
When consumed traditionally it is often served as a snaps , but vodka is also popularly consumed as a drink ingredient. Renat is often considered to be the national vodka of Sweden, but other highly popular brands are Explorer Vodka and Absolut Vodka , the latter being one of the world's best-known liquor brands. The production of hard liquor has a tradition dating back to the 18th century and was at a high in the s. Since the s, the state-owned Systembolaget has a monopoly on selling spirits with more than 3.
Punsch is a traditional liqueur in Sweden that was immensely popular during the 19th century. It was adopted as the drink of choice by university students, and many traditional songs from that time are about the consumption of punsch or are meant to be sung during the collective festivities that were part of the cultural life in the universities' student associations at the time and still is. Beer is also widely consumed in Sweden and the typical Swedish beer is lager of a bright and malty kind.
In the last few decades, many small breweries microbreweries have emerged all over Sweden offering a wide range of styles and brands.
Many microbreweries in Sweden are inspired by the US craft beer movement, brewing American styles or styles commonly associated with American craft breweries, e. Drinking milk  has also been recommended and campaigned for by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare; [ citation needed ] it is often recommended to drink two  to three glasses of milk per day. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mythology and folklore. Music and performing arts. Radio Television Cinema. World Heritage Sites. Flag Coat of arms.
Main article: Alcoholic beverages in Sweden. Main article: Beer in Sweden. Sweden portal Food portal. Retrieved Retrieved 14 May Honest Cooking. BBC News. June Archived from the original on November 7, Cuisine of Sweden. European cuisine. States with limited recognition. Dependencies and other territories. List of cuisines Lists of prepared foods. Categories : Swedish cuisine.
Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from December Articles with permanently dead external links All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Articles with unsourced statements from January Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles with unsourced statements from April Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with BNF identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers.
Namespaces Article Talk.
Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikibooks.
Media Radio Television Cinema. Monuments World Heritage Sites. Symbols Flag Coat of arms. Sweden portal.
The Swedish name literally means 'blood pudding'. Sweetened and spiced, it is eaten with lingonberry jam, and sometimes bacon. Sausage, big and thick, originating from Falun. The lifts and pumps at the Kopparberg copper mine in Falun were, during the 16th and 17th centuries before the introduction of steam engines, powered by oxen.
You know that Iceland did not have a culture growing grains before Denmark invaded. Have water underneath simmering, not boiling. It was adopted as the drink of choice by university students, and many traditional songs from that time are about the consumption of punsch or are meant to be sung during the collective festivities that were part of the cultural life in the universities' student associations at the time and still is. A final chapter on diet and health emphasizes the familiar health concerns related to diets too high in fat and sugar and too low in vegetables and fruit. Cinnamon roll with cardamom dough.
When these oxen died from strain or old age, the skin was turned into leather ropes used in the mine, and some of the meat was turned into Falukorv sausages. Fishballs , made from minced white fish meat. A thick pancake with diced pork, baked in a form in the oven. Casserole based on chicken with cream, chili sauce, bananas, peanuts and bacon. Invented in the s. Boiled salmon , together with onion and carrots, in a mixture of water, vinegar, salt, sugar and some other spices.
Usually eaten cold, commonly together with mayonnaise spiced with dill and lemon. Herring pickled by the use of Acetic acid, water, sugar, ground allspice, red onion, carrot and salt. It is prepared by first fermenting it and then lightly smoking it. This method of cooking creates a distinct, both acidic and slightly smoky flavour. It is traditionally eaten with dill-stewed potatoes and pickled beetroot. Potato casserole made of grated potatoes, onion, ' anchovy ' and cream; the fish used is usually the sprat , a different species, but similarly spiced.
Cured ham, boiled and breaded with mustard, bread crumbs and egg, translates as Christmas ham. The Swedish equivalent to Christmas turkey. Cabbage rolls. Meatballs made from meat and herbs tightly rolled together, frequently served with mashed potatoes and pickles. Sliced sausage pieces usually falukorv served in a creamy tomato sauce, a cheaper Swedish variation of Beef Stroganoff. Soup, made from beef and root vegetables , served with klimp, a distinct Swedish dumpling.
Dumplings made of pre-boiled potatoes, filled with pork. Dumplings made of unboiled potatoes, filled with pork. Traditionally served leached with white sauce and fried pork. A thin pancake fried in an ordinary frying pan.